30+ Best Vietnamese Prepositions To Use Today!

Are you in the middle of learning Vietnamese, and you’ve started coming across prepositions? Are you confused about how to use them, as well as pronounce them? Well, you’re in luck because we’re here to clarify what prepositions are and how to learn Vietnamese prepositions in the easiest, most effective way!

To get you started, we’ll review some of the simplest Vietnamese prepositions, along with example sentences. That way, you have an idea of how these prepositions are used daily. Hãy bắt đầu học (“Let’s start learning” in Vietnamese)!

What Is A Preposition?

Prepositions are words or phrases that typically come before a noun or pronoun to express how one thing relates to another. Remember that it’s important to use prepositions correctly; otherwise, you might be misunderstood. If you’re still confused, refer to the example below.

Example Sentence: “The book is on the table.”

In this case, the first noun is “book,” the second noun is “table,” and the connecting word showing the relationship between the two nouns is the prepositional word “on.” In other words, the word “on” tells us how the book relates/is in relation to the table.

Simple Vietnamese Prepositions To Learn ASAP

Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced Vietnamese learner, you should start learning or refresh your memory of Vietnamese prepositions. Now, you might be asking, “Which Vietnamese preposition should I learn first?” To make it easy for you, we’ve created a quick list for you to learn from! This list includes the English preposition and Vietnamese equivalent.

EnglishVietnamesePronunciation
aboutvề[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]về[/Speechword]
abovetrên đây[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trên đây[/Speechword]
acrossngang qua[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]ngang qua[/Speechword]
aftersau khi[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]sau khi[/Speechword]
againstchống lại[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]chống lại
[/Speechword]
amongtrong số[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trong số
[/Speechword]
aroundxung quanh[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]xung quanh[/Speechword]
asnhư[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]như
[/Speechword]
attại[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]tại[/Speechword]
beforetrước khi[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trước khi[/Speechword]
behindsau[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]sau[/Speechword]
belowphía dưới[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]phía dưới[/Speechword]
beneathbên dưới[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bên dưới[/Speechword]
besidebên cạnh[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bên cạnh
[/Speechword]
betweengiữa[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]giữa[/Speechword]
beyondngoài[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]ngoài[/Speechword]
bybởi[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bởi[/Speechword]
fromtừ[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]từ[/Speechword]
introng[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trong[/Speechword]
insidebên trong[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bên trong
[/Speechword]
intovào trong[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]vào trong
[/Speechword]
neargần[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]gần
[/Speechword]
nexttiếp theo[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]tiếp theo
[/Speechword]
ofcủa[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]của
[/Speechword]
ontrên[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trên[/Speechword]
oppositeđối diện[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]đối diện
[/Speechword]
outra[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]ra[/Speechword]
outsidebên ngoài[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bên ngoài
[/Speechword]
overtrên[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline] trên
[/Speechword]
thatcái đó[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]cái đó
[/Speechword]
thisđây[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]đây[/Speechword]
throughthông qua[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]thông qua[/Speechword]
tođến[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]đến[/Speechword]
towardvề phía[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]về phía[/Speechword]
underdưới[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]dưới[/Speechword]
withinở trong[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]ở trong[/Speechword]

There you have it. Now you know basic Vietnamese prepositions!

Vietnamese Prepositional Phrases

Of course, it’s not enough to only know individual prepositions. You must also learn how to use those prepositions in a complete sentence! For example, in English, if someone asks you, “Where is my book?” and you answer, “Under,” they will be utterly confused. In this situation, you need to specify a location after using the preposition.

While we can’t anticipate the prepositional sentence you might need in the future, we can give you some example prepositional phrases! Even if you don’t end up using these, it’s still good practice to help you become more familiar with the Vietnamese sentence structure.

EnglishVietnamesePronunciation
He is sitting on a chair.anh ấy đang ngồi trên ghế[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]anh ấy đang ngồi trên ghế[/Speechword]
The people in the apartment above me are so loud.những người ở căn hộ phía trên tôi ồn ào quá[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]những người ở căn hộ phía trên tôi ồn ào quá[/Speechword]
My car is parked between a red truck and a white SUV.xe của tôi đang đậu giữa một chiếc xe tải màu đỏ và một chiếc xe SUV màu trắng[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]xe của tôi đang đậu giữa một chiếc xe tải màu đỏ và một chiếc xe SUV màu trắng[/Speechword]
There is some water in the fridge.có một ít nước trong tủ lạnh[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]có một ít nước trong tủ lạnh[/Speechword]
My school is located beside the temple.trường tôi nằm bên cạnh chùa[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trường tôi nằm bên cạnh chùa[/Speechword]
The dog was hiding under the table.con chó đã trốn dưới gầm bàn[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]con chó đã trốn dưới gầm bàn[/Speechword]
We drove over the bridge.chúng tôi lái xe qua cầu[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]chúng tôi lái xe qua cầu[/Speechword]
She lost her phone at the beach.cô ấy bị mất điện thoại ở bãi biển[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]cô ấy bị mất điện thoại ở bãi biển[/Speechword]
We met inside the restaurant.chúng tôi gặp nhau bên trong nhà hàng[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]chúng tôi gặp nhau bên trong nhà hàng[/Speechword]
They are standing by the tree.họ đang đứng bên cây[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]họ đang đứng bên cây[/Speechword]
The loud noise came from within that apartment.tiếng ồn lớn phát ra từ trong căn hộ đó[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]tiếng ồn lớn phát ra từ trong căn hộ đó[/Speechword]
The restaurant is near the bus stop.nhà hàng gần bến xe buýt[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]nhà hàng gần bến xe buýt[/Speechword]
You should check behind the couch.bạn nên kiểm tra phía sau đi văng[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]bạn nên kiểm tra phía sau đi văng[/Speechword]
I am waiting for you outside the mall.tôi đang đợi bạn bên ngoài trung tâm mua sắm[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]tôi đang đợi bạn bên ngoài trung tâm mua sắm[/Speechword]
My school is opposite the park.trường tôi đối diện công viên[Speechword voice=”Vietnamese Female” isinline]trường tôi đối diện công viên[/Speechword]

Now you’ve learned how to use Vietnamese prepositions in a sentence!

Never Stop Learning With The Ling App!

If you want to learn more about the Vietnamese language, including Vietnamese vocabulary and other essential phrases, you need to check out the Ling App!

vietnamese prepositions

The Ling App is your one-stop shop for language learning! First off, this app includes lessons in over 60 languages, which is far more than most other language apps. But, even better, the lessons are thorough, meticulously verified by qualified language experts and real native speakers of that language, engaging, and will teach relevant vocabulary that can be used in daily life.

As if that wasn’t enough, Ling has various activities and challenging exercises to help you practice the language and retain the information long-term. Not to mention, if you want to improve your pronunciation but are too shy to practice it with locals right away, all you have to do is use Ling’s chatbot feature to get feedback in real time.

The accessibility and smooth interface are also what users seem to love about this app. To start learning a new language, you must choose the language you want to learn, the lesson, and the specific topic. That’s right. It can all be done with just a few clicks on your mouse or taps on your smartphone!

But don’t just take our word for it. Be sure to download the Ling App from the App Store or Play Store today to start learning a new language the fun way!

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