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30+ Best Vietnamese Prepositions To Use Today!

June 24, 2022

Are you in the middle of learning Vietnamese, and you've started coming across prepositions? Are you confused about how to use them, as well as pronounce them? Well, you're in luck because we're here to clarify what prepositions are and how to learn Vietnamese prepositions in the easiest, most effective way!

To get you started, we'll review some of the simplest Vietnamese prepositions, along with example sentences. That way, you have an idea of how these prepositions are used daily. Hãy bắt đầu học ("Let's start learning" in Vietnamese)!

What Is A Preposition?

Prepositions are words or phrases that typically come before a noun or pronoun to express how one thing relates to another. Remember that it's important to use prepositions correctly; otherwise, you might be misunderstood. If you're still confused, refer to the example below.

Example Sentence: "The book is on the table."

In this case, the first noun is "book," the second noun is "table," and the connecting word showing the relationship between the two nouns is the prepositional word "on." In other words, the word "on" tells us how the book relates/is in relation to the table.

Simple Vietnamese Prepositions To Learn ASAP

vietnamese prepositions

Whether you're a beginner or an advanced Vietnamese learner, you should start learning or refresh your memory of Vietnamese prepositions. Now, you might be asking, "Which Vietnamese preposition should I learn first?" To make it easy for you, we've created a quick list for you to learn from! This list includes the English preposition and Vietnamese equivalent.

EnglishVietnamesePronunciation
aboutvề
abovetrên đây
acrossngang qua
aftersau khi
againstchống lại
amongtrong số
aroundxung quanh
asnhư
attại
beforetrước khi
behindsau
belowphía dưới
beneathbên dưới
besidebên cạnh
betweengiữa
beyondngoài
bybởi
fromtừ
introng
insidebên trong
intovào trong
neargần
nexttiếp theo
ofcủa
ontrên
oppositeđối diện
outra
outsidebên ngoài
overtrên
thatcái đó
thisđây
throughthông qua
tođến
towardvề phía
underdưới
withinở trong

There you have it. Now you know basic Vietnamese prepositions!

Vietnamese Prepositional Phrases

Of course, it's not enough to only know individual prepositions. You must also learn how to use those prepositions in a complete sentence! For example, in English, if someone asks you, "Where is my book?" and you answer, "Under," they will be utterly confused. In this situation, you need to specify a location after using the preposition.

While we can't anticipate the prepositional sentence you might need in the future, we can give you some example prepositional phrases! Even if you don't end up using these, it's still good practice to help you become more familiar with the Vietnamese sentence structure.

EnglishVietnamesePronunciation
He is sitting on a chair.anh ấy đang ngồi trên ghế
The people in the apartment above me are so loud.những người ở căn hộ phía trên tôi ồn ào quá
My car is parked between a red truck and a white SUV.xe của tôi đang đậu giữa một chiếc xe tải màu đỏ và một chiếc xe SUV màu trắng
There is some water in the fridge.có một ít nước trong tủ lạnh
My school is located beside the temple.trường tôi nằm bên cạnh chùa
The dog was hiding under the table.con chó đã trốn dưới gầm bàn
We drove over the bridge.chúng tôi lái xe qua cầu
She lost her phone at the beach.cô ấy bị mất điện thoại ở bãi biển
We met inside the restaurant.chúng tôi gặp nhau bên trong nhà hàng
They are standing by the tree.họ đang đứng bên cây
The loud noise came from within that apartment.tiếng ồn lớn phát ra từ trong căn hộ đó
The restaurant is near the bus stop.nhà hàng gần bến xe buýt
You should check behind the couch.bạn nên kiểm tra phía sau đi văng
I am waiting for you outside the mall.tôi đang đợi bạn bên ngoài trung tâm mua sắm
My school is opposite the park.trường tôi đối diện công viên

Now you've learned how to use Vietnamese prepositions in a sentence!

Never Stop Learning With The Ling App!

If you want to learn more about the Vietnamese language, including Vietnamese vocabulary and other essential phrases, you need to check out the Ling App!

vietnamese prepositions

The Ling App is your one-stop shop for language learning! First off, this app includes lessons in over 60 languages, which is far more than most other language apps. But, even better, the lessons are thorough, meticulously verified by qualified language experts and real native speakers of that language, engaging, and will teach relevant vocabulary that can be used in daily life.

As if that wasn't enough, Ling has various activities and challenging exercises to help you practice the language and retain the information long-term. Not to mention, if you want to improve your pronunciation but are too shy to practice it with locals right away, all you have to do is use Ling's chatbot feature to get feedback in real-time.

The accessibility and smooth interface are also what users seem to love about this app. To start learning a new language, you must choose the language you want to learn, the lesson, and the specific topic. That's right. It can all be done with just a few clicks on your mouse or taps on your smartphone!

But don't just take our word for it. Be sure to download the Ling App from the App Store or Play Store today to start learning a new language the fun way!

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