Learn Czech Adjectives – Simple And Easy Guide For 2021

July 9, 2021

If you are trying to learn Czech adjectives, you will find some valuable resources, including a course of adjectives, and colors, shapes, sizes ... to help you learn Czech grammar. Try to focus on the text and focus on the format that appears. Each time the word changes position. Also, don't forget to check out the other Czech courses listed in the Learning Czech blog.

Short Intro About Czech Republic: The Czech Republic, also known as the Czechia, is a country in central Europe. It includes the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia and the southern tip of Silesia, collectively referred to as the Czech Land. In 2016, the country adopted “Czechia” as the abbreviation, informal name of the Czech Republic.

Now gets back to our today’s topic.

Czech Adjectives

Learning the Czech adjectives shown below is essential to the language. Czech adjectives are words that modify or describe another thing or person in a sentence. All nouns in Czech are feminine or masculine. You must choose the correct form of the adjective based on the word you are talking about or describing. The feminine forms with the letter A and the masculine usually end with the letter Y.

Like pronouns, nouns, and numbers in Czech, adjectives change their form according to the numbers, gender, and grammatical case, that apply to them.

Czech adjectives are classified into two groups:

1) Adjectives with a soft ending in the nominative singular

  • (feminine, masculine, and neuter)

2) Adjectives with a hard ending in the nominative singular

  • -á (feminine)
  •  (masculine)
  •  (neuter)

All the Czech adjectives, except possessive ones, end with a long vowel.

Czech Grammar Tips

While in the English Language, an adjective does not change when the noun changes, in Czech, an adjective (the “mladý” type) should agree in number and gender with the noun. For examples:

  1. Feminine to masculine example:

To je moje malá dcera (this is my little daughter) becomes: To je můj malý syn (this is my little son)

As we can see in the above-mentioned example, the adjective (congrual adjunct) comes before the noun and takes the masculine form.

2. Singular to plural example:

To je moje bílá kočka (this is my white cat) becomes: To jsou mé bílé kočky (these are my white cats).

As we can see in the above example, the adjective (congrual adjunct) comes before the noun, and it takes the plural form.

Affix of the “jarní” (not comparable) type adjective is not affected by number or gender. Also, it comes before the noun.

To je můj zimní kabát (this is my winter coat), To jsou mé zimní kabáty (these are my winter coats)

List Of Adjectives In Czech

Below is a list of the English and Czech Adjectives, Shapes, Colors, Sizes in Czech placed in a table. Memorize this table, and it will help you add essential and useful words to your Czech vocabulary.

English AdjectivesCzech Adjectives
colorsbarvy
blackčerný
bluemodrý
brownhnědý
grayšedý
greenzelený
orangeoranžový
purplepurpurový
redčervený
whitebílý
yellowžlutý
  
sizesvelikosti
bigvelký
deephluboký
longdlouhý
narrowúzký
shortkrátký
smallmalý
tallvysoký
thicktlustý
thintenký
wideširoký
  
shapestvary
circularkruhový
straightrovný
squarečtvercový
triangulartrojúhelníkový
  
tasteschutě
bitterhořký
freshčerstvý
saltyslaný
sourkyselý
spicypikantní
sweetsladký
  
qualitiesvlastnosti
badšpatný
cleančistý
darktmavý
difficultobtížný
dirtyšpinavý
drysuchý
easysnadný
emptyprázdný
expensivedrahý
fastrychlý
foreignzahraniční
fullplný
gooddobrý
hardtvrdý
heavytěžký
inexpensivelevný
lightsvětlý
localmístní
newnový
noisyhlučný
oldstarý
correctsprávný
slowpomalý
softměkký
veryvelmi
weakslabý
wetmokrý
wrongšpatný
youngmladý
  
quantitiesmnožství
fewněkolik
littlemálo
manymnoho
muchhodně
partčást
someněkteří
a fewněkolik
wholecelý
Czech adjectives

Some Other Important Czech Adjectives List

friendlypřátelský
healthyzdravý
beautifulnádherný
honestpoctivý
happyšťastný
powerfulmocný
quietklidný
Learn Czech adjectives

Czech Adjectives - Grammar Rules

Czech Adjectives Grammar Rules

In general, adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or object in a given sentence. For example, in a beautiful flower, the adjective is [beautiful] because it describes the noun [flower]. 

The following phrases use adjectives in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

  • she has three small dogs [adjective + plural]

má tři malé psy 

  • my house is white [noun + adjective]

Můj dům je bílý 

  • we are happy here [pronoun + verb + adjective]

Jsme zde rádi 

It's Time To Learn Czech And Speak Like A Native Speaker

The Czech language belongs to the Indo-European language family, the West Slavic sub-family, and the Slavic language family. Also, 12 million people speak this modern language, Czech. All Czech and Slovak dialects are essentially understandable. Czech is a Slavic language written in Roman script. The foundation of the alphabet was laid by the religious reformer Jan Hus in the early 15th century.

Whether you are a complete beginner, do not understand any Czech words, or want to learn the essential words like YES in Czech, or are already fluent and want to re-mastered knowledge, Simya Solution's Ling can meet your needs!

Learning a language course can be tedious, boring, and not fun at all. At Ling, we use games, puzzles, quizzes, and challenges to teach you how to read, write and speak, making the learning process fun!

We hope that the above courses will help you learn Czech. To learn other languages, check our Ling app homepage, and don't forget to bookmark this page.

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