Imagine yourself in the busy market of Kenya or Tanzania, and you just found this beautiful bag you wanted to get. In the process of saying hello and asking how much, you realize that your daughter will be sad if you don’t get her a bag as well, and your cousin who will be traveling tomorrow will also appreciate a bag as a farewell gift. Realizing this, the seller asks Ni mangapi? (How many?) and that is when you can’t stop saying ‘umm’ or relying on your fingers to do the job. You wish you knew the basic Swahili numbers and counting terms at that moment.
Okay, we don’t want you to be in that situation. So, in this article, we will be exploring Swahili Numbers and counting. We will explore the ordinal and cardinal numbers, and I will also give you a quick insight into how Swahili numbers and counting works in the Swahili language. Without further ado, let’s learn Swahili numbers.
Cardinal Numbers In Swahili
Swahili Numbers And Counting: 0 – 20
|11||kumi na moja|
|12||kumi na mbili|
|13||kumi na tatu|
|14||kumi na nne|
|15||kumi na tano|
|16||kumi na sita|
|17||kumi na saba|
|18||kumi na nane|
|19||kumi na tisa|
How It Really Works
If you paid attention to the one to twenty cardinal numbers, you might have noticed a pattern from the number eleven downwards. In Swahili, all you need to know is the number one to ten, and counting to a hundred will be much easier.
The number eleven will be Kumi (10)+ Na(and)+ Moja(one)
You will realize that eleven is broken down to a 10 and a 1. So, number 15 will be a 10 and a 5. Here is what I mean:
15 = 10 + 5 = Kumi (10) na (+) tano (five)
Other examples are:
Twenty-two = ishirini na mbili
Ishirina stands for the number twenty in Swahili, while mbili is the number two.
Forty-five = arobaini na sita
Arobaini stands for the number 40 (forty), while Sita is the number five (5).
Once you understand these basic rules, counting from eleven to a hundred will be a walk in the park. Continue reading, and you will notice a similar pattern from twenty to a hundred. You can go ahead and try out more examples on your own.
|21||ishirini na Moja|
|22||ishirini na mbili|
|23||ishirini na tatu|
|24||ishirini na nne|
|25||ishirini na tano|
|26||ishirini na sita|
|27||ishirini na saba|
|28||ishirini na nane|
|29||ishirini na tisa|
31 – 40
|31||thelathini na moja|
|32||thelathini na mbili|
|33||thelathini na tatu|
|34||thelathini na nne|
|35||thelathini na tano|
|36||thelathini na sita|
|37||thelathini na saba|
|38||thelathini na nane|
|39||thelathini na tisa|
|41||arobaini na moja|
|42||arobaini na mbili|
|43||arobaini na tatu|
|44||arobaini na nne|
|45||arobaini na tano|
|46||arobaini na sita|
|47||arobaini na saba|
|48||arobaini na nane|
|49||arobaini na tisa|
50 – 100
Other Rules To Keep In Mind
- For counting hundreds, what you do is to place the multiplier (one to nine) before mia. So, one hundred is mia moja, 200 is mia mbili, 300 is mia tatu, and 800 is mia nane.
- When counting thousands, it follows the same rule as that of hundred. However, Elfu is used instead. So, 2000 will be Elfu mbili, 5000 will be elfu tano and 9000 will be elfu tisa.
1000 – 1 000 000 000
|10 000||elfu kumi|
|1 000 000||milioni|
|1 000 000 000||bilioni|
Another type of number you should know is the ordinal number. They are great for signifying positions, dates, and the order of something. Here are some ordinal numbers in Swahili.
How To Count Other Numbers In Swahili
When counting other numbers, let’s say 1234, it will be elfu moja, na mia mbili na thelathini na nne. In other words, you count the thousands, the hundreds, the tens, and the units.
Okay, let me break it down. You will agree with me that 1234 in words is one thousand, two hundred and thirty-four, right? In Swahili, you translate based on the words.
So, one thousand, two hundred and thirty-four will be:
Elfu Moja (one thousand), na (and), mia mbili (two hundred), na (and), thelathini na nne (thirty-four)
Let’s go through more examples so that you can understand better.
- 315 – mia tatu na kumi na tano.
- 678 – mia sita sabini na nane.
- 2899 – elfu mbili na mia nane na tisini na tisa.
You can make up numbers and try. I am sure you are going to get everything right!
How Many Swahili Numbers Can You Remember?
We’ve come to the end of this article, and I am sure you were able to learn one or two numbers off hand. So, how many Swahili numbers do you know now? Now that you’ve learned a lot of Swahili numbers, you can easily go shopping, make orders or tell the date in Swahili. If you are interested in learning more of this beautiful language, you will definitely find the Ling App useful.
Learn Swahili With Ling App
Ling App is a language learning platform that features a gamified experience to make learning fun and enjoyable. You get access to audio lessons, grammar lessons, intuitive quizzes, and loads of resources to go from a complete beginner to a fluent speaker in no time. The Ling App offers 60+ languages alongside Swahili, so you have plenty of options to take on other languages.