Basic Characteristic Of 5 Serbian Adverb Types

August 13, 2021

There are 10 types of words in the Serbian language, of which 5 types are changeable, and 5 are immutable words. Serbian adverbs belong to the invariant type of word that is most often found next to a verb. They usually determine the verb action by time, place, manner, quantity, or cause but also can be used with adjectives, other adverbs, and nouns. In the sentence, they have the function of an adverbial clause. According to the Serbian grammatical tradition, adverbs are divided into right and wrong in relation to their origin.

Special forms of adverbs can be used to express a greater degree or quantity, differences in time and space, etc. Therefore, in addition to the basic form, the positive, they can also have the form of comparatives or superlatives, which will be discussed later. There are also complex adverbs that are formed from propositions and adverbs, for example, odatle ( from there), odozgo ( from above), unazad (backward), preksinoć ( the day before last), etc.

 

List Of Serbian Adverbs - Examples With Translation

Since the adverbs division will be explained below, here are a few examples to bring the matter closer to you. Serbian adverbs are numerous, so these are just some of the examples:

SerbianEnglish translation
katkadsometimes
danastoday
večerastonight
letoslast summer
odmalenafrom childhood
odsadfrom now on
odtadfrom then on
izdalekafrom afar
spredain front
doneklesomewise
ovakolike this
ponajmanjeat least
premalotoo little
triputthree times
uzaludin vain
nikamonowhere
ranoearly
kasnolate
napokonfinally
nedavnorecently
izblizaup close
nekudasomewhere

 

Division Of Adverbs In Serbian

Serbian Adverb

With a better understanding of Serbian adverbs, you will improve your grammar knowledge. Since we have already clarified the concept and basics of the adverbs, their more detailed division follows below. According to how they determine the verb action, adverbs can be:

  1. Adverbs for time (prilozi za vreme)
  2. Adverbs for the place (prilozi za mesto)
  3. Adverbs for way (prilozi za način )
  4. Adverbs for quantity (prilozi za količinu)
  5. Adverbs to the cause (prilozi za uzrok )

Adverbs Of Time

When determining the adverbs of time, you will ask questions:

  • kada (when)
  • otkada (since when)
  • andokada (until when)

In this regard examples of this type of adverbs are:

SerbianEnglish translation
danastoday
večerastonight
jučeryesterday
sinoćlast night
preksinoćthe day before last
ljetoslast summer
zimiin winter
jesenaslast fall
odmanow
smjestaimmediately
tadathen
ikadever
uvekalways
čestooften
retkorarely
ranoearly
kasnolate
prijebefore
posleafter
potomthen
nedavnorecently
napokonfinally
odsadfrom now
otadsince
oduvekfrom time immemorial
dogodinenext year
dovečerasuntil tonight

Example sentences:

Pošle godine sam kupio auto. - I bought a car last year. ( determines the tense of the verb)

Jučer smo se provozali brodom. - We took a boat ride yesterday.

Neću igrati košarku jer sam nedavno izvrnuo zglob. - I'm not playing basketball because I recently twisted my wrist.

Adverbs Of Place

When it comes to adverbs of place, common questions to determine them are:

  • gde (where)
  • odakle (where from)
  • dokle (until)
  • otkuda (wherefrom)
  • dokuda (to where)
  • etc.

Serbian adverbs that determine the place of action are:

SerbianEnglish translation
ovdjehere
negdesomewhere
igdeanywhere
goreupstairs
doledownstairs
vanioutside
spredain front
tamothere, over there
niotkudaout of nowhere
izdalekafrom far away
izvanafrom the outside
doneklesomewise

Example sentences:

Ispod nas živi komšija sa unucima. - Below us lives a neighbor with grandchildren.

Ne idite na trening, vani je velika oluja. - Don't go to training, outside is a big storm.

Sjedili smo zajedno kada se on pojavio niotkuda. - We were sitting together when he appeared out of nowhere.

Adverbs For The Way

Adverbs for the way answer the question how (kako) and they are often represented in sentences. On questions about how (kako) the adverbs are ovako (like this), tako (in such a way), slučajno (by accident or accidentally).

Example sentences:

Prolazim šumom i slučajno vidim orla. - I walk through the woods and accidentally see an eagle. (how did you see an eagle)

Uzgajam ovo prelepo cveće. - I grow these beautiful flowers. (what flowers)

Adverbs For Quantity

Adverbs for quantity answer the questions:

  • koliko (how much)
  • koliko puta (how many times).

Examples are:

SerbianEnglish translation
ovolikothis much
tolikoso many; lots of
onolikoas much
nekolikoa few
malosomewhat
premalotoo little
višemore
previšetoo much
dostaenough
opetagain or any way
sasvimquite; completely
jedanputonce
dvaputtwice
petputfive times

Example sentences:

Pobednik je na Olimpijskim igrama već drugi put. - He is the winner of the Olympic Games for the second time,

Ne želi da jede toliko, jer ima previše kila. - He doesn't want to eat that much because he weighs too much.

Cause Adverbs

Cause adverbs refer to the cause of the action itself and are determined by asking why (zašto) and for what (zbog čega). Examples of this in a sentence would be zato (therefore) / i stoga (therefore).

Exmaple sentences:

Otišao je ranije kući zato nije mogao prisustovati času. - He went home earlier therefore he could not attend class.

Vozio je sportska auta zato je dobar vozač. - He drove sports cars therefore he is a good driver.

 

The Use Of Serbian Adverbs And Their Place In Sentences

The division of words in the Serbian language is very important, sometimes even complex. That's why it is important to know how to distinguish one from the other in order to use them correctly. Serbian adverbs are an invariable type of word, but in certain cases, they change the base. This happens when we make a comparison so they can be graded. For a better understanding, we will give a few examples:

SerbianEnglish translation
Lako – lakše – najlakšeasy – easier – the easiest
Visoko – više – najvišehigh – higher – the highest

Example sentences:

Nikola je lakše naučio lekciju od Ane. - Nikola learned the lesson more easily than Ana. (how he learned – more easily)

Marko je najbrže stigao na cilj. - Mirko reached the finish line the fastest. ( how he reached the finish line – the fastest)

Seo je dalje od pozornice. - He sat away from the stage. ( where he sat – away from the stage).

What can also be a problem in using the Serbian language is the difference between adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives are an addition to the noun and stand next to it, defining it more closely. Serbian adverbs stand next to a verb and determine the verb action.

Examples:

Malo dete malo jede. - A small (adjective) child eats little (adverb).

Lepo dete lepo peva. - A beautiful (adjective) child sings beautifully (adverb).

If you are unsure how to determine the adverb, ask what (kakvo) and how much (koliko). The question of what is referring to a child but the question of how much is referring to an action.

 

Conclusion

There are a large number of examples of Serbian adverbs, and it is possible to get additional information on our Ling app. You will explore a multitude of examples and other titles to help you learn the language better. 

What can also be a problem in using the Serbian language is the difference between adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives are an addition to the noun and stand next to it, defining it more closely. Serbian adverbs stand next to a verb and determine the verb action.

Malo dete malo jede. - A small (adjective) child eats little (adverb).

Lepo dete lepo peva. - A beautiful (adjective) child sings beautifully (adverb).

If you are unsure how to determine the adverb, ask what (kakvo) and how much (koliko). The question of what is referring to a child but the question of how much is referring to an action.

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