Conjunctions are important no matter what language you want to learn. In the case of Nepali conjunctions, you’ll find the words easy to remember since they’re not terribly long, and their meanings are simple. You’ll also find that you can use the same conjunctions to make different types of sentences. Ready to learn more? Let’s get started!
What Is A Conjunction?
In Nepali, संयोजक or Sanyojak is the word used for conjunction. It is known as that word that helps two words or two clauses meet. Here is an example: I will go later because there is traffic now. “Because” is the conjunction. In Nepali, म पछि जान्छु किनकि अहिले ट्राफिक छ (Ma pachi jānchu kinaki ahilē ṭrāphika cha)where the word किनकि (kinaki)is the conjunction.
Now, let’s sort out the coordinating conjunction and subordinating conjunctions. To put it simply, coordinating conjunctions are short and very common. You use them often in your daily informal and formal language. But the subordinating conjunctions are fancier. Here are some examples with Nepali conjunctions following them:
- and, so, but, for, yet, or, nor
- र, त्यसैले, तर, लागि, अझै, वा, वा
- Ra, yati, tara, lagi, ajhai, va, va
Let’s get into coordinating conjunctions a bit more. If two pieces of information or clauses can stay separately, they are called independent clauses, meaning they can stand alone. Then, you can add a word that joins these two clauses, and THAT word will be the coordinating conjunction.
- Rama went shopping. – राम किनमेल गर्न गए। (Rama kinamela gana gaye.)
- Lakshmi went shopping. लक्ष्मी किनमेल गर्न गइन् । Lakshmi kinamela gana gain.
- Rama and Lakshmi went shopping. राम र लक्ष्मी किनमेल गर्न गए । Rama ra Lakshmi kinamela gana gaye.
- unless, although, because, since
- जबसम्म, यद्यपि, किनभने, पछि
- jabasamma, yadyapi, kinabhane, pachi
Here is an explanation of subordinating conjunctions. They are similar to coordinating conjunctions, except they cannot stand separately as sentences, which would make little sense. They are dependent on the first sentence and are called dependent clauses.
- Aditi went shopping. अदिति किनमेल गर्न गइन् । Aditi kinamela karna gain.
- It was raining. पानी परिरहेको थियो । Pani pariraheko thiyo.
- Aditi went shopping although it was raining. अदिति पानी परे पनि किनमेल गर्न गइन् । Aditi paani pare pani kinamela garna gain.
List of Nepali Conjunctions
The coordinating conjunctions are already mentioned above. Here is a list of subordinating conjunctions:
There are two other types of conjunctions: correlative conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs. WAIT! Before you start getting dizzy with all these terms – let’s simplify!
They are a pair of conjunctions that go together. They are either/or, both/and, not only/but also and as/as.
Example in a sentence:
- Either we go to the cinema, or we go to the beach.
- या त हामी सिनेमा जान्छौं, वा हामी समुद्र तटमा जान्छौं।
- Ya ha tami sinema janchaum va hami samudra tatama janchaum.
They are the words that join two or more independent clauses showing how an idea grows across the sentence. Let’s look at an example to help.
- The cookies look delicious, however I am trying to lose weight.
- कुकीहरू स्वादिष्ट देखिन्छन्, यद्यपि म तौल घटाउने प्रयास गर्दैछु।
- Kukiharu svadista dekhinchan, yadyapi ma taula ghataune prayasa gardaichu.
Exploring The Nepali Language And Nepal
Nepal is home to eight of the highest peaks in the world. “Mount Everest” is not the original name of the highest mountain in the world. Sagarmatha, or heaven’s forehead, is the name given by Nepali people. Nepal also has the world’s deepest canyon. It is a tiny country with giant neighbors, China and India. Scientists discovered that Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, was once a lake about 15,000 years ago.
The Nepali language has its challenges. It has an unusual alphabet and sentence structure, and it is similar and yet not – to Hindi, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Bangla, and some more languages. Learning and understanding Nepali grammar takes time, and about three months would be necessary to learn this Indo-Aryan language.
Learn Nepali With The Ling App
Conjunctions are used daily and are necessary to learn. Hopefully, you have an excellent start getting to know many different conjunctions and will use them as you speak Nepali. In case you get stuck or have questions, comment and reach out!
For some of our readers, more than this grammar lesson may be necessary. If that is what you seek, we have you covered. The Ling app is here at your service!
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