Latvian is a part of the eastern group of Baltic languages. More than 2 million people speak it. Latvian is more closely related to Lithuanian. However, these two languages are not similar to each other. Thus, it can happen that a Latvian and a Lithuanian converse in Russian. The Latvian vocabulary is constructed excitingly. It has many words that come from some other languages. Those languages include German, Swedish, Russian, or English. Recently few phrases and terms were created because they were missing until now. So learn these basic words and phrases in Latvian if you are planning to visit Latvia.
Additionally, Latvian has three dialects: Riga/Vidzeme (standard), Kurzeme (difference in pronunciation), and Latgallian (sometimes considered a separate language). The differences between the Riga dialect and the Kurzeme dialect, mainly pronunciation and vocabulary. The Kurzeme dialect generally removes the last vowel and is spoken faster than the Riga accent: Septiņ-/Septiņi, the first is Kurzeme, and the second is Riga.
Did you know? An average native speaker who speaks Latvian uses only a small amount of basic words and phrases in Latvian daily. It means that you can talk in Latvian at a certain acceptable level simply by visiting the previous pages.
There are many purposes why people choose to learn a new language like Latvian. Having an apparent reason you want to learn will help motivate you and push you to learn when you feel out of reach. While there are much more complex reasons, here are a few to consider as you begin your language learning journey:
Now, let's learn some basic words and phrases in Latvian conversation. This article will teach you how to introduce yourself and simple words and phrases like yes, no, good day, and I don't understand. Learn this, and you will be ready for short Latvian conversations.
|Good morning! (sg/pl)||Labrīt!|
|Good evening! (sg/pl)||Labvakar!|
|Good night! (sg/pl)||Ar labu nakti!|
|Goodbye! (fml.)||Uz redzēšanos!|
|Excuse me, … (sg/pl)||Atvainojiet, ...|
|I'm sorry. (m/f)||Man žēl.|
|I have … / I don't have ...||Man ir (nav) ...|
|We (don't) have …||Mums ir (nav) ...|
|There is (no) ...||... ir (nav).|
|My name is ...||Mani sauc ...|
|What is your name?||kāds ir jūsu vārds? / Kā tevi sauc?|
|How are you?||Kā jums klājas?|
|Where do you live?||Kur tu dzīvo? / Kur jūs dzīvojat?|
|I'm ... years old.||Man ir ... gadi.|
|I am (not) married. (m/f)||Es esmu (neesmu) precējies./ Es esmu (neesmu) precējusies.|
|I'm (not) traveling alone.||Es ceļoju (neceļoju) viens pats./ Es ceļoju (neceļoju) viena pati.|
|I'm traveling with ...||Es ceļoju kopā ar ...|
|Where is the restroom?||Kur ir tualete?|
|Do you speak English?||Vai jūs runājat angliski?|
Latvian is written in the Latin alphabet with an accent on the first syllable. Grammar has many functions that other languages do not have. However, their rules are always distinct and clear.
While in English, an adjective does not change when the noun changes, in Latvian an adjective, must agree with the noun in number and gender. For example:
a. Example of Masculine to the feminine:
Šis ir mans mazais dēls (this is my little son) becomes: Šī ir mana mazā meita (this is my little daughter).
From the example above, as you can see, the adjective also takes the feminine form.
b. Singular to plural example:
Šis ir mans baltais kaķis (this is my white cat) becomes: Šie ir mani baltie kaķi (these are my white cats).
From the example above, as you can see, the adjective also takes the plural form.
First, you will have to learn the basics of the Latvian language. The free dialogue example will help you speak a foreign and rare language. Also, there is no prior knowledge required. Even advanced learners can refresh and enhance their learning. You can use and learn frequently used sentences immediately. Further, you will be able to convey in a variety of situations where you should use this language.
Take a break or go to get off work and study for a few minutes. You can study basic words and phrases in Latvian on the go and at home. You can learn Latvian anywhere, anytime.
|I understand.||Es saprotu.|
|I do not understand.||Es nesaprotu.|
|Hello? (on the phone) / I beg your pardon?||Kā, lūdzu?|
|What does that mean?||Ko tas nozīmē?|
|I do not know.||Es nezinu.|
|Nice to meet you!||Prieks iepazīties!|
|How are you?||Kā jums iet?|
|Please talk more slowly!||Lūdzu, runājiet lēnāk!|
|How much is it?||Cik tas maksā, lūdzu?|
|Thank you for your help.||Pateicos par palīdzību.|
|I’d like a coffee, please.||Es gribētu kafiju, lūdzu.|
|anas dienā!Happy birthday!||Daudz laimes dzim?|
|I will never smoke.||Nekad nesmēķēšu.|
|I'm busy.||Bet es esmu aizņemts.|
|Do you speak English?||Vai runājat angliski?|
|What time is it?||Cikos tas it?|
Learning any language demands time to study and resources to learn. The time and effort will be entirely up to you. So, takeout the time and learn basic words and phrases in Latvian. However, please search the free Ling app that can certainly help with these Latvian phrases lessons.