500+ Basic Words And Phrases In Korean: Useful List

korean basic words and phrases

Basic words and phrases in Korean language (한국어 / hangugeo) can be easily learned nowadays. It is one of the most popular languages among southeast Asian countries because of the prevalence of Korean culture through Korean popular posts, Korean drama/movies, Korean music, and even Korean food. Many people want to learn Korean to expand their vocabulary and understand how their favorite Korean actors and Kpop biases speak. Whatever the reason is, it is undeniable that the Korean language has taken a big step to know not just in Asia but all over the world.

Today, there are lots of people who speak English as their second language because it has been widely used all over the world, but learning to speak Korean will definitely step up your game. It will widen your vocabulary and give you a deeper understanding of Koreans. So, are you ready to learn new Korean words and Korean phrases? Let’s go! (가자! / gaja!)

Page Contents

What Are The Top 10 Basic Words In Korean?

If you are wondering which essential Korean words you should learn first, have a look at the list below:

  • Yes: 네 (ne) / 예 (ye)
  • No: 아니오 (a-ni-yo)
  • Okay: 괜찮아요 (gwaen-chan-a-yo)
  • Hello: 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo)
  • Please (for requests): 주세요 (ju-se-yo)
  • Thank you: 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) / 고마워요 (go-ma-woy-o)
  • You’re welcome: 천만에요 (cheon-man-e-yo)
  • Excuse me: 실례합니다 (sill-ye-ham-ni-da)
  • Sorry: 미안합니다 (mi-an-ham-ni-da) / 미안해 (mi-an-he)
  • Goodbye: 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeoung-hi-gye-se-yo)

 

Meanings And Sounds Of The Basic Korean Words And Phrases You Should Lean

korean words  Basic Words And Phrases In Korean

There is a special reason why people want to learn Korean words and Korean phrases. People have different reasons why they want to learn this language. It can be because they are inspired by the Korean music and dramas they are listening to and watching.

It may also be a requirement for an elective subject in school. Most of all, people want to start learning Korean because they want to travel to Korea and start conversations with the locals.

Whatever the reason is, it is really commendable for you to start learning Korean so here’s a list of Basic Words and Phrases in Korean for you to start with:

1. 네 (ne) / 예 (ye)

English Translation: Yes

네 (ne) is used the same way it is used in the English language. As a traveler, this is really essential, especially in airports, shopping, dining, and traveling around the country. You can also hear people say 예 (ye) which is a more casual way to say Yes in Korean.

 

2. 아니오 (a-ni-yo)

English Translation: No

No is also one of the basic but most important words to learn in Korean. It is as important as the word Yes because you will not say Yes all the time.

On the other hand, when you are in doubt or unsure about something, 아마도 / amado is the right word for you. Of course, there will be a lot of things that you won’t be so sure about when you begin to learn Korean.

 

3. 괜찮아요 (gwaen-chan-a-yo)

English Translation: Ok

The common way of agreeing is saying Ok (괜찮아요 / gwaenchanayo). This is just a word but it is really important and useful in many different situations.

 

4. 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo)

English Translation: Hello

안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) is one of the most common words in the Korean language you will hear anywhere. Koreans love to welcome people with a greeting This is the easiest Korean greeting that you can use in many situations. This is also a great conversation starter and ice breaker when communicating with the locals.

5. 주세요 (ju-se-yo)

English Translation: Please

Koreans really value respect and politeness. It is clearly reflected in Koreans when you go to their country or even just watch their movies and dramas that is why the word Please (주세요 / juseyo) is used often. As a traveler, this is important to show your politeness to the locals in different situations such as dining in a restaurant and shopping.

 

6. 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) / 고마워요 (go-ma-woy-o)

English Translation: Thank you

Saying Thank you(감사합니다 / gamsahamnida) in Korean is really important especially when you visit Korea. 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) is used in formal conversations and you could also hear 고마워요 (gomawoyo) which is used in casual conversations. This is also a common Korean phrase or expression that is really important in daily conversations.

We all know that saying Thank you is a sign of showing your appreciation and gratitude to another person which is a very important thing in Koreans. There are a lot more Korean phrases that you can use to say Thank you but this is the most common you can use in both speaking and writing.

 

7. 천만에요 (cheon-man-e-yo)

English Translation: You’re welcome

You should also know how to respond when somebody expressed gratitude to you by simply just saying You’re welcome (천만에요 / cheonmaneyo) in Korean. This is also a sign of politeness toward other people. Korean phrases like this are really important to keep the conversation going and also to be nice.

 

8. 실례합니다 (sill-ye-ham-ni-da)

English Translation: Excuse me

There will also be times when you need to use the phrase Excuse me (실례합니다 / sillyehamnida) This phrase is used to apologize but there are different usages for this phrase. One example is 저기요 (jeogiyo) which is used to get attention. Another example is 잠시만요 (jamsimanyo) which is used to pass someone.

 

9. 미안합니다 (mi-an-ham-ni-da) / 미안해 (mi-an-he)

English Translation: Sorry

Both Korean phrases have the same meaning but they are used in different situations. 미안합니다 / (mianhamnida) is formal and you could also hear 미안해 (mianhe) which is more casual. Saying sorry is a sign of humility and also respect.

 

10. 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeoung-hi-gye-se-yo)

English Translation: Goodbye

Knowing how to say Goodbye (안녕히 계세요 / annyeounghi gyeseyo) in Korean is also important especially if you are a tourist. It is one of the most common Korean greetings which is mostly used in daily conversations.

These 10 basic words and phrases in the Korean language are just the simplest and easiest that you can learn. As a person who doesn’t know how to speak Korean, these phrases and words are a good starting point in your journey in language learning. For people who speak English, learning Korean may not be too easy especially in written form since it is really. But with a lot of practice and continuous reading of blogs like this, you will surely get learn little by little.

 

Other Basic Korean Phrases And Words You Should Learn

Speaking Korean will require you to learn more vocabulary other than the 10 mentioned above. Now that you have learned the 10 basic words and phrases in the Korean language, let us learn more. Take note, we are only learning the basic words, phrases, and sentences, there are separate blog posts for other topics as well. Here is a list of additional Korean phrases and words to learn in different categories:

1. For Everyday Life Conversations

korean friends
Basic Words and Phrases in the Korean Language | Everyday Life

There are plenty of Korean phrases and vocabulary that are commonly used in everyday conversation. There are Koreans who speak English but there are also those who don’t. Learning basic words and phrases in the Korean language as well as sentences will make it easier when you are talking to the locals. Here is a list of words and phrases that are used in everyday life:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
좋아요 joayoGood 
안 좋아요 an joayoBad 
괜찮아요 gwaenchanayo That’s ok
잠깐만요! jamkkanmanyo!Just a moment!
이해해요 ihaehaeyoI understand 
몰라요 mollayoI don’t know
알아요 arayoI know
걱정 하지 마세요! geokjeong haji maseyo!Don’t worry!
문제 없어요 munje eopseoyoNo problem!
 이게 뭐예요 ige mwoyeyoWhat is this?
제 이름은 … 입니다 je ireum-eun … imnidaMy name is …
만나서 반가워요 mannaseo bangawoyo.It is nice to meet you!
영국말 하실 줄 아세요? yeongukmal hasil jul aseyo?Do you speak English?
한국말 하실 줄 아세요? hangukmal hasil jul aseyo?Do you speak Korean?
한국말을 조금 할 수 있어요 hangungmareul jogeum hal su isseoyo I can speak a little Korean 
 한국말을 못해요 hangungmareul motaeyoI can’t speak Korean

 

2. Korean Words For Shopping

shopping in korea words

 

Shopping is part of a great adventure in Korea. Even if you don’t plan to go to Korea, there may be times when you want to buy something in a Korean store. One of the reasons why people admire Koreans is the products they use in everyday life. Here are some words that may help your shopping experience easier:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
쇼핑 syopingshopping
이거 얼마예요? igeo eolmayeyo?How much is this?
카드 돼요? kadeu dwaeyo?Can I pay with a credit card?
 몇시에 문 닫아요? myeotsie mun dadayo?What time do you close?
좀 깎아 주세요 jom kkakka juseyoPlease give me a discount 
 영수증 주세요 yeongsujeung juseyoPlease give me a receipt
환불해 주세요  hwanbulhae juseyoPlease give me a refund
모두 얼마예요? modu eolmayeyo?How much is the total?

 

3. Basic Korean Words And Phrases About Food And Dining

Basic Words and Phrases in the Korean Language | Food and Dining

Another reason why people love Korean culture is because of their food. If you want to eat in local restaurants or if someone invited you for a meal, these are some phrases that you need to know as a beginner. Take note of the pronunciation of these Basic words and phrases in the Korean language because it is really important.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
 맛있게 드세요 masitge deuseyoBon appétit
많이 먹어요 mani meogeoyoEat up!
맛있어요! masisseoyo!It’s delicious!
 목 말라요 mok mallayoI’m thirsty
마시고 싶어 masigo sipeo I want to eat/drink.
맛없어요 maseopseoyoIt doesn’t taste good 
 배고파요 baegopayoI’m hungry
메뉴판 주세요 menyupan juseyoPlease give me a menu 
 채식주의자용 식사 있어요? chaesikjuuijayong siksa isseoyo?Do you have vegetarian dishes?

 

4. Essential Phrases About Travel And Directions In Korean

tourist in korea
Basic Words and Phrases in Korean Language | Travel and Direction

Traveling is really hard if it is your first time and it is even harder when you don’t know how to speak their native language. Even if you are with your friends and all of you only know how to speak English, traveling will be hard for all of you. If you decide to Korea, try learning the following phrases that the native speakers use:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
 왼쪽으로 가세요
oenjjokeuro gaseyoTurn left
오른쪽으로 가세요
oreunjjokeuro gaseyoTurn right
직진하세요
jikjinhaseyoGo straight
길을 잃었어요
gireul irryeosseoyoI’m lost
여기에서 얼마나 걸리는지 아세요?
yeogieseo eolmana geollineunji aseyo?How far is it from here?
 버스 요금 얼마예요?
beoseu yogeum eolmayeyo?How much is the bus fare?
 이 버스는 어디로 가요?
i beoseuneun eodiro gayo?Where does this bus go?
서울에 가는 버스 표가 얼마예요?
seoure ganeun beoseu pyoga eolmayeyo?How much is a bus ticket to Seoul? 
미안하지만 저는 이 근처 사람이 아니예요
mianhajiman jeoneun i geuncheo sarami aniyeyoI’m sorry, I’m not from around here

 

5. Korean Phases About Clarification

directions phrases in korean tourists asking for directions with map
Basic Words and Phrases in Korean Language | Clarification

Being a non-native speaker will really give you a hard time understanding conversations and interactions. So, it’s nice to learn some basic words and phrases in the Korean language that you can use to make things clear. Surely, Koreans will be kind enough to clarify things for you.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
다시 한 번 말해 주세요
dasi han beon malhae juseyoPlease say that one more time.
천천히 말해 주세요
cheoncheonhi malhae juseyoPlease speak slowly.
이해 못해요
ihae mothaeyoI don’t understand

 

6. Words And Phrases About Emergency In Korean

korean police emergency words in korean

Emergencies can happen anytime and anywhere. You never know when and where it will happen. You may feel comfortable if you always have a doctor like Kang Mo-Yeon (in Descendants of the Sun) or a responsive police officer like Choi Eun-Cheol (in Hometown Cha-cha-cha) by your side. But, if you don’t have people like them at all times, you must learn some basic words and phrases in Korean to be used for emergencies like the following:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
비상
bisangemergency
경찰
gyeongchalpolice
비상 전화번호예요
bisang jeonhwabeonhoyeyoEmergency phone number
불이야
buriyaFire!
조심하세요!
josimhaseyo!Be careful.
난 겁먹었어요
nan geommeogeosseoyoI’m scared.
도와주세요!
dowajuseyo!Help me!
경찰을 불러 주세요 Gyeongchareul bulleo juseyo.Call the police, please.
구급차 불러요!
gugeupcha bulleoyo!Call an ambulance!
누군가 나의 가방을 훔쳐갔어요
nugun-ga naui gabangeul humchyeogasseoyoSomeone has stolen my bag.

 

7. Korean Phrases About Accommodation

 

Going to a place as wonderful as South Korea will bring you different sorts of adventures which can be tiring but fulfilling. One of the first things you’ll do when you arrive in Korea is to look for accommodation that is really budget-friendly but can still give you the Korean cultural experience. Learn these basic words and phrases in the Korean language that is related to accommodation to have smooth transactions.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
호텔
hotela hotel
방 열쇠
bang yeolsoea room key
예약하다
yeyakadato reserve
싱글룸
singgeulluma single room
체크인
chekeuincheck-in
체크아웃
chekeuautcheck-out
우리는 여기에서 이틀 밤을 머물고 싶어요
urineun yeogieseo iteul bameul meomulgo sipeoyoWe want to stay here for two nights.
나는 네(4)명의 사람들을 위해 방 2(두)개를 예약하고 싶어요
naneun ne(4)myeongui saramdeureul wihae bang 2(du)gaereul yeyakago sipeoyoI want to reserve two rooms for four people.
나는 하룻밤 묵을 싱글룸을 예약하고 싶어요 naneun harutbam mugeul singgeullumeul yeyakago sipeoyoI want to reserve a single room for one night.
제 방 열쇠를 안내 데스크에 맡겨도 되나요? je bang yeolsoereul annae deseukeue matgyeo-do doenayo?Can I leave my room key at reception?
그 호텔은 인터넷을 제공하나요?
geu hotereun inteoneseul jegonghanayo?Does the hotel provide Internet?
나는 내 방에서 쉬고 싶어요
naneun nae bangeseo swigo sipeoyoI want to rest in my room.

8. Korean Words And Phrases Related To Love And Relationships

korean relationships love

 

We cannot talk about basic words and phrases in Korean language without some love and relationship phrases. After all, I bet one of the reasons why you’re here is because of your favorite Oppa and bias. And hey, pretty sure that the K-dramas never failed to make you fall in love or believe in true love even in mermaids like “Legend of the Blue Sea” and aliens like “My Love from the Star”.

Falling in love with Koreans is not hard because let’s admit it, what’s not to love about them? So, here are some basic words related to love and relationships:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
사랑
saranglove
키스
kiseukiss
데이트
de-i-tdate
친구
chingufriend
남자친구
namja-chinguboyfriend
여자친구
yeoja-chingugirlfriend
보고 싶어
bogo sipeoI miss you.
사랑해
saranghae I love you.
좋아해
joahaeI like you.
나는 너에게 반했어
naneun neo-ege banhaesseoI’ve got a crush on you.
만나고 싶어
mannago sipeoI want to see you.
나는 니꺼야
naneun nikkeoyaI’m yours
예쁘네요!
yeppeuneyo!You are pretty!
너무 귀여워요!
neomu gwiyeowoyo!You are so cute!
정말 친절하네요!
jeongmal chinjeolhaneyo!You are so sweet!
첫눈에 반했어
cheonnune banhaesseoIt was love at first sight.
당신은 나에게 무척 소중해요
dangsineun naege mucheok sojunghaeyoYou mean so much to me.
아직도 남자친구가 없어요?
ajikdo namjachinguga eopseoyo?Do you still not have a boyfriend?

 

9. Basic Words For Family In The Korean Language

korean family words and phrases

Guided by the teachings of Confucianism, Korean families strictly value filial piety and respect for elders. Koreans are known to be family-oriented people. Family members are extremely devoted to one another. It is well-reflected in their K-dramas like “Reply 1988”. If you watched this K-drama, you can the Korean culture in terms of family. Elders are well-respected. Parents are responsible for molding their children to be good and responsible citizens by providing them with education and teaching them Korean culture. Children are supposed to be obedient and respectful to their parents and pursue education to become successful in the future.

Here are some words and phrases related to the family that you should learn as a beginner:

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
아빠
appadad
엄마
eommamom
아들
adeulson

ttaldaughter
할아버지
harabeojigrandfather (paternal)
외할아버지
oe harabeojigrandfather (maternal)
할머니
halmeonigrandmother (paternal)
외할머니
oe halmeonigrandmother (maternal)
남편
nampyeonhusband
아내
anaewife
가족들과 함께 여행을 가요
gajokdeulgwa hamkke yeohaengeul gayoI go on a trip with my family
우리 가족은 다섯(5)명이에요
uri gajogeun daseot(5)myeongieyoWe are a family of five.
우리 아빠 친절하세요
uri appa chinjeolhaseyoMy dad is kind.

10. Korean Verbs And Adjectives

korea beautiful korean words for adjectives

 

Verbs and adjectives are essential parts of the sentence structure. If you know the basic verbs and adjectives, it will be easier for you to understand and write sentences in Korean. Remember, the Korean language is meant to be learned and understood easily. At first, it seems like it’s hard to learn especially if you’re from a western country but after learning the Korean alphabet, you’ll realize that it’s not hard to learn Korean. Here are some basic verbs and adjectives you’ll need to know.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
먹다
meokdato eat
마시다
masidato drink
자다
jadato sleep
주다
judato give
사다
sadato buy
보다
bodato see
웃다
utdato laugh
울다
uldato cry
입다
ipdato wear
걷다
geotdato walk
만나다
mannadato meet
공부하다
gongbuhadato study
배우다
baeudato learn
읽다
ikttato read
좋다
jotato be good
싫다
siltato be bad
쉽다
swipdato be easy
어렵다
eoryeopdato be difficult
깨끗하다
kkaekkeuthadato be clean
더럽다
deoreopdato be dirty
재미있다
jaemiitdato be interesting
재미없다
jaemieopdato be boring
덥다
deopdato be hot
춥다
chupdato be cold

 

11. Words About Time In Korean

korean words for time

 

One thing to learn about Koreans is they are really organized. Everything is past-faced to keep productivity but remember, past-faced doesn’t always result from productivity. They are still into details and quality of work. If you’re following a K-pop group, they spend time before releasing new songs but they make sure that their comebacks are a blast.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
오늘
oneultoday
어제
eojeyesterday
내일
naeiltomorrow
지금
jigeumnow
시간
sigantime

12. Korean Slang Words

korean friends talking korean words slangs

 

In learning basic words and phrases in the Korean language, we shouldn’t miss Korean slang words. If you have a strong grasp of this, understanding Korean jokes and watching K-dramas will be a lot easier for you. Also, if you start making friends, you will talk more casually and usually, these are the terms that you’ll commonly use.

Korean slang words are not usually taught in the classroom. They are learned through interacting with other people and of course, the internet.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
꿀잼
kkuljaemfun or interesting
노잼
nojaemnot funny or boring
화이팅!
hwaiting!fighting!
심쿵
simkungfangirling
솔까말
solkkamalTBH (to be honest)

heolOMG, WTF
애교
aegyocute
셀카
selkaselfie
불금
bulgeumTGIF (literal Burning Friday or Golden Friday)
오졌다
ojyeotdaIt’s lit
더럽게
deoreopgebadly
쪼렙
jjolepbeginner level or noob
간지
ganjiswag
멘붕
menbungmental breakdown
치맥
chimaekChicken and beer, the perfect pairing
홧김비용
hwatgimbiyongimpulse shopping
마스크
maseukeumask
존맛탱
jonmattaengJMT (delicious)
세젤예
sejelyeprettiest in the world
ㅁㄹ
m lIDK (short for 몰라, molla)
ㅈㅅ
j ssorry (short for 죄송합니다, joesonghamnida)
ㄱㅅ
g sty (short for 감사합니다, gamsahamnida)

 

13. K-Drama Words And Phrases

Korean dramas kdramas vocabulary

“Crash Landing On You”, “Reply 1988” and “Goblin”. These are just three of the most iconic K-dramas that made history in the K-drama world. If you’re an OG K-drama fan, you have surely picked up words that are commonly used in K-dramas that you unconsciously learn. Wondering what it means? Check out these basic Korean phrases used in K-dramas.

 

 
KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
누나
noonaused by males when referring to older female siblings/relatives/close friends;
언니
eonni/unniused by females when referring to older female siblings/relatives/close friends

hyung/hyeongused by males when referring to older male siblings/relatives/close friends
오빠
oppaused by females when referring to older male siblings/relatives/close friends/boyfriends; occasionally, idols/celebrities
아저씨
ahjussimiddle-aged men/married men
아줌마
ahjummamiddle-aged women/married women
알았어
arasseoGot it./Understood.
안돼!
andwaeNo way!
아이구
aigooIndicate a deep sigh, Expressing frustration or pity; show surprise (occasionally)
배고파
paegopaI am hungry.

kolCall/Deal
 대박
daebakWow/Cool/Great
잠깐만
jamkkanmanJust a sec/Wait a minute./Hold on.
잘자
jaljaGood night./Sleep well.
 거짓말이야
geojitmariyaIt’s a lie./Don’t lie.
진짜?


정말?
jinjja
jeongmal
Really?
너 미쳤어?
neo michyeosseoAre you crazy?
아싸!
asjaOh yeah
제발
jebalPlease.
어떻해?
eotteokhae?What to do?
이렇게
ireohkeLike this.
그래
geuraeAlright/ Sure/Okay
괜찮아
gwaenchanhaIt’s fine./I’m okay.
그럼
geureomIf so, then…/Of course.
하지마
hajimaDon’t do it./Stop it.
행복해
haengbokhaeI’m happy.
오모
omoOh my gosh.
빨리
palliHurry/Faster
혹시
hokshiCould it be…/By any chance…/Would it be possible if…
여보세요
yeoboseyoHello (Used for answering a call )
예쁘다
yeppeudaYou’re pretty.
약속해
yaksokhaeI Promise/Promise me
선배
sunbaeused to address seniors
후배
hoobaeused to address juniors
세상에
sesangeIn the world (literal); Oh my god!/My goodness!

 

14. Korean Words For Music

Kpop vocabulary

 

Just recently, Lisa, the main dancer of the Korean girl group Blackpink, dropped her first-ever single entitled “Lalisa”. This song really made the whole world stop even non-Koreans because it breaks two Guinness World Records. “Lalisa” hits 73.6 million views in its first 24 hours breaking Taylor Swift’s “Me!” with 65.2 million. It also set a new record for a solo K-pop artist’s most-viewed YouTube music video in 24 hours which was formerly held by her bandmate Rosé.

BTS also set billboard records with their song “Dynamite” and is now concurring the world’s music industry. Just recently they released their song with Coldplay entitled “My Universe”.

These are just two of the internationally recognized Korean groups that really made their way to represent Korea. It is no doubt that the Korean music industry is a global trend and has a huge fanbase in different parts of the world.

KoreanPronunciationEnglish Translation
케이팝
keipapK-pop
음악
eumakmusic
음악 산업
eumak saneopmusic industry
악기
akkimusical instrument
뮤직 비디오
myujik bidiomusic video
클래식 음악
keullaesik eumakclassical music
가요
gayopop music

raeprap music
재즈 음악
jazz musicjaejeu eumak
가수
gasusinge
여성 가수
yeoseong gasusinger
오페라 가수
opera gasuopera singer
밴드
baendeuband
대중문화
daejungmunhwapop culture
어떤 케이팝 그룹을 가장 좋아해요?
Eotteon keipab geurubeul gajang joahaeyo?What is your favorite K-pop group?
케이팝을 좋아한지 얼마나 되었어요?
Keipabeul joahanji eolmana doeeosseoyo?How long have you been listening to K-pop?

 

A List Of 365 Common Korean Words To Improve Your Vocabulary

learn korean

Below are some of the basic vocabulary of common Korean words about everyday life essential words such as Korean family words, most typical greetings, basic medical terms, directions, and other terms for everyday life.

 

No.Korean WordPronunciationEnglish Translation
1안녕하세요anyeong haseyohello
2잠시만요jamshimanyoexcuse me?
3제발jebalplease in a desperate way
4진짜?jinjjareally?
5주세요juseyoplease
6죄송합니다joesong hamnidasorry
7고맙습니다gomap seumnidathank you
8neyes
9아니요aniyono
10아마도amadomaybe
11도와 주세요dowa juseyohelp
12저기요jeogiyoexcuse me
13mulwater
14야채yachaevegetables
15과일gwailfruit
16고기gogimeat
17ppangbread
18생선saengseonfish
19커피keopicoffee
20맥주maekjubeer
21소주sojusoju
22친구chinggufriend
23가족gajokfamily
24누나nunaold sister (if you are male)
25언니eonniold sister (if you are female)
26hyeongold brother (if you are male)
27오빠oppaold brother (if you are female)
28동생dongsaengyounger sibling
29남동생nam dongsaengyounger brother
30아빠appadad
31아버지abeojifather (formal)
32어머니eo meo nimother (formal)
33아들adulson
34taldaughter
35쌍둥이sangdunitwins
36세 쌍둥이se-sangdungitriplets
37엄마eommamom
38삼촌samchonuncle
39이모imoaunt
40남자 친구namja chingguboyfriend
41여자 친구yeoja chingugirlfriend
42결혼gyeolhonmarriage
43남편nampyeonhusband
44 아내anaewife
45사람saramhuman
46사랑saranglove
47첫사랑cheot sarangfirst love
48짝사랑jjak sarangsecret crush
49커플keopeulcouple
50결혼gyeolhonmarriage
51드라마deuramadrama
52한번hanbeononce
53두번dubeontwice
54어느eonuwhich
55누가nugawho
56어디서eodisawhere
57어떻게eoteohkehow
58언제anjewhen
59무엇을muwaswulwhat
60wowewhy
61 집jiphouse
62나라naracountry
63직업jigeopjob
64천만에요cheon maneyoyou’re welcome
65왼쪽oen jjokleft
66오른쪽o reunjjokright
67괜찮아gwaenchanhait’s fine
68이렇게ireokefor a while
69 시간sigantime
70지금jigeumnow
71오늘o neultoday
72 어제eojeyesterday
73내일naeiltomorrow
74가다gadato go
75 오다odato come
76있다itdato have
77이다idato be
78먹다meokdato eat
79마시다masidato drink
80 주다judato give
81 보다bodato see
82자다jadato sleep
83일어나다ireonadato wake up or get up
84사다sadato buy
85쓰다sseudato write or to use
86웃다utdato laugh
87 울다uldato cry
88입다ipdato wear
89 걷다geotdato walk
90읽다ik ttato read
91 배우다baeudato learn
921공부하다gongbuhadato study
93만나다mannadato meet
94좋다jotato be good
95싫다siltato be bad
96덥다deopdato be hot
97춥다chupdato be cold
99슬프다seulpeudato be sad
100아프다apeudato be sick or in pain
101피곤하다pigonhadato be tired
102재미있다jaemiitdato be interesting
103재미없다jaemieopdato be boring
104어렵다eoryeopdato be difficult
105 쉽다swipdato be easy
106깨끗하다kkaekkeuthadato be clean
107더럽다deoreopdato be dirty
108 빠르다ppareudato be fast
109느리다neuridato be slow
110빨리 ppallifast
111정말jeongmalreally
112천천히 cheoncheonhislowly
113가끔 gakkeumsometimes
114좀처럼jomcheoreomseldom
115 결코 gyeolkonever
116절대 jeoldaenever
117피부, 살갗fibu/saklatskin
118nuneye
119신체/몸sinchhe/mombody
120머리meorihead
121머리카락meoriharhakhair
122얼굴eolgulface
123보조개fochhogedimple
124이마imaforehead
125눈썹nun seopeyebrow
126어깨eokkeshoulder
127눈꺼풀nun keopuleyelid
128속눈썹sok nun seopeyelashes
129눈동자nun dongjapupil
130khuiear
131볼 / 뺨pol/pyamcheek
132khonose
133콧구멍khot kumangnostrils
134IPmouth
135이, 이빨i / ipaltooth
136입술ipsollips
137잇몸itnomgum
138hyeotongue
139theokchin
140mokneck
141목구멍, 목, 목이mok khumeongthroat
142신체 부분sinche fubunbody parts
143가슴khasumbreast
144유방yubangbreast
145dungback
146feabdomen
147배꼽fekopnavel
148허리heoriwaist
149엉덩이eongdeongibuttocks
150chiilvagina
151음경/자지umgyeong/ chhajipenis
152sonhand
153falarm
154팔목fal mokwrist
155손목son mokwrist
156팔꿈치fal kumchiielbow
157손바닥son fadakpalm (hand)
158주먹chhumakfist
159손가락sonkharakfinger
160엄지eomjithumb
161검지geomjiindex finger
162약지yakjiring finger
163손톱sonthopfingernail
164겨드랑이khyeodurangiarmpit
165다리darileg
166허벅지heobokjithigh
167무릎murufknee
168falfoot
169발톱falthopclaw
170발목falmokankle
171발톱falthoptoenail
172뒤꿈치duiikhumchiheel
173발가락falkharaktoe
174noibrain
175심장simjangheart
176혈관hyeolgwanartery
177khanliver
178fyelungs
179근육khunyunmuscles
180pyeobone
181uistomach
182맹장mengjangappendix
183콩팥khongpathkidney
184췌장chuuejangpancreas
185jangbowels
186자궁chhagungwomb
187항문hangmunanus
188의사uisadoctor
189간호사ganhosanurse
190주사jusainjection
191약사yaksapharmacist
192yakmedicine
193aamcancer
194기침gichimcough
195독감dokgamflu
196종양jongyangtumor
197구토gutovomiting
198마비mabiparalysis
199중독jungdokpoisoning
201치통chitongtoothache
202복통boktongstomachache
203변비byeonbiconstipation
204황달hwangdaljaundice
205콧물konmulrunny nose
206고열goyeolhigh fever
207임신imsinpregnancy
208출산chulsanchildbirth
209낙태naktaeabortion
210수술susuloperation
211입원ibwonhospitalization
212퇴원toewonhospital discharge
213당뇨병dangnyodiabetes
214일사병ilsabyeongsunstroke
215위궤양wigweyanggastric ulcer
216증후군jeunghugunsyndrome
217고혈압gohyeoraphigh blood pressure
218저혈압jeohyeoraplow blood pressure
219영양실조yeongyangsiljomalnutrition
220사망, 임종samang, imjongdeath
221byeongsickness
222처방cheobangprescription
223피부과pibugwadermatology
224소아과soagwapaediatrics
225초음파choeumpaultrasound
226신경과singyeonggwaneurology
227진료실jillyosilconsultation room
228응급실eunggeupsilemergency room
229성형외과seonghyeongoegwaplastic surgery
230사과sagwaapple
231살구salguapricot
232아스파라거스asupharagasuasparagus
233가지khajiaubergine
234아보카도abokadoavocado
235찐 콩chin khongbaked beans
236바나나fananabanana
237콩나물khong-namulbeansprouts
238홍당무hong-dangmubeetroot
239블랙베리bullek-beriblackberry
240블랙커런트bullek-kharanthublackcurrant
241블루베리bulluberiblueberry
242브로콜리burokhollibroccoli
243양배추yang-phechhubrussels sprouts
244바나나 한 송이phanana haan songibunch of bananas
245포도 한 송이phodo han songibunch of grapes
246배추phechhucabbage
247당근thang-guncarrot
248꽃양배추kot yang phechhucauliflower
249샐러리sellaricelery
250체리chericherry
251애호박e-hobakcourgette
252오이oicucumber
253무화과muhwaagafig
254프렌치 콩French beansfurenchi khong
255마늘manulgarlic
256생강seng-gangginger
257구스베리gusuberigooseberry
258포도fodogrape
259자몽chhamonggrapefruit
260강낭콩khangnang-khongkidney beans
261키위khiwikiwi fruit
262대파defaleek
263레몬lemonlemon
264양상추yangsangjulettuce
265라임laimlime
266망고mangomango
267멜론mellonmelon
268버섯fasatmushroom
269양파yangfaonion
270오렌지orenjiorange
271복숭아foksungapeach
272fepear
273khongpeas
274구아바guabaguava
275파인애플fainefulpineapple
276자두chhaduplum
277석류sakryupomegranate
278감자khamjapotato
279호박hobakpumpkin
280muradish
281라즈베리rajuberiraspberry
282수프sufusoup
283시금치sigumchispinach
284faspring onion
285호박hobaksquash
286딸기talgistrawberry
287고구마khokumasweet potato
288옥수수oksusucorn / sweetcorn
289토마토 통조림thomatho thong-chhoriptinned tomatoes
290토마토thomathotomato
291순무sunmuturnip
292khamPersimmon
293khatMustard
294khyulmandarin
295꽃양배추kotyang phechhucauliflower
296nonrice field
297대두dedusoybean
298도라지dorajibellflower
299milwheat
300famchestnut
302부추fuchhuleek
303보리foribarley
304수박subakwatermelon
305유자yujacitron
306자두, 매실chhadu,mesilplum
307참외chhamwei(musk) melon
308파파야papayafafaya
309fatred bean
310풋고추fut-kochugreen pepper
311현미hyunmibrown rice
312홍당무hongdangmucarrot
313호밀homilrye
314은행unhenggingko nut
315찹쌀chhapsalgluten
316선 과일sun-khwailgreen (unripe) fruit
317과수원khwasuwonorchard
318바케뜨bakhetubaguette
319제빵 가루chepang karubaking powder
320파란색 치즈faransek chijublue cheese
321롤빵rol-pangbread rolls
322갈색빵khalsek-pangbrown bread
323갈색 설탕khalsek salthangbrown sugar
324버터ba-thabutter
325케이크kheikhucake
326식용유sikyongyucooking oil
327옥수수 가루oksusu kharucorn flour
328코티지 치즈khothiji chijucottage cheese
329크림khurimcream
330대추dechhudates
331건살구khan sa gudried apricots
332달걀dallyakeggs
333고지방 우유khoji bang wuyufull-fat milk
334마늘빵manul panggarlic bread
335염소젖으로 만든 치즈yamso chijugoats cheese
336아이싱 설탕aising salthangicing sugar
337우유wuyumilk
338올리브오일ollibu oilolive oil
339반죽 과자fanjuk khwajapastry
340일반 밀가루iban milkharuplain flour
341건포도khanfodoraisins
342스폰지 케이크suphonji kheikhusponge cake
343설탕salthangsugar
344흰빵hwin pangwhite bread
345효모hyomoyeast
346요구르트yoguruthuyoghurt
347고춧가루kochu karuchilli powder
348계피khyeficinnamon
349카레 가루khare karucurry powder
350파프리카fafu rikhapaprika
351샤프란syafuransaffron
352유기농의yuginongweorganic
353케첩khechhapketchup
354아침 시리얼achim sirialbreakfast cereal
355콘프레이크khon fuleikhucornflakes
356kulhoney
357chemjam
358myunnoodles
359파스타fasuthapasta
360피자fijapizza
361chukporridge
362salrice
363스파게티suphagethispaghetti
364토스트thosuthutoast
365라면ramyeonInstant Noodles

 

Korean Language That Reflects Korean Culture

common korean words about culture

Whenever you hear the word or phrase that Korean people speak, or whenever you see their expressions when you watch their different dramas on the television or on your phone, it becomes more and more familiar to you. By listening to Korean native speakers you are already doing a lot of effort to remember these basic words and phrases!

Learning about Korean culture is necessary because this will widen your perspective on learning the Korean language itself. When you observe Korean culture, you will recognize the meaning behind their language, words, phrases, sentences, and vocabulary in terms of speaking. 

The common Korean vocabulary words that reflect Korean culture are the following:

  • 친구 — “Chingu” (Friend) — This word has a different usage in English because Koreans generally use this word of the same age.
  • 사랑 — “Sarang” (Love) — This is a Korean word for love. Japanese also have this word with the same meaning.
  • 썸타다 — “Seom-Ta-Da” (Mutual Understanding/Something’s going on) — This basic Korean phrase came from the English word ‘something’ (seom) or something’s going on in terms of dating and ‘ta-da’ is an expression of ‘go-along’ if the dating couple will move to a more serious relationship.
  • 애교 — “Aegyo” (Cute) — This word is a trend right now in Korea. Mostly, women and even men do this cute and adorable act to look sweet and charming to people. They often do the ‘aegyo’ when they take a ‘selka’ on their phones.
  • 셀카 — “Selka” (Selfie) — From the English word ‘selfie’. Most Korean artists love to take pictures. Coz why not? Korean glass skin is worth showing off.
  • 미안해 — “Mianhe” (I’m sorry) — This is an informal way to speak ‘I’m sorry’ in Korean. You always hear this Korean word, mostly in k pop songs. In addition, Koreans are polite, especially the youngsters.
  •  — “mul” (water) — This is the most commonly used noun in South Korea, as you probably hear in many K-dramas when drinking soju or eating moekbang.
  •  — “bap” (rice) — It’s not only the Philippines and Japan who love to eat rice, but also Korea. The rice that they eat was often wrapped in different types of leaves, together with meat or fish.
  • 고기 — “gogi” (meat) — Koreans love meat, most especially grilled pork belly with different ingredients also known as ‘samgyeop-sal’. This is commonly eaten by a Korean family.
  • 소주 — “soju” (clear liquor) — This is the most popular liquor in Korea. In Korean culture, drinking beverages like soju, rice wine, and other alcohol is a big part of the lives of the Korean family.
  • 지금 — “jigeum” (now) — We frequently hear this word from our favorite k pop group whenever they have interviews or sometimes in the daily conversations of your favorite Korean actor or artists in a variety show. This literally means ‘now’ or ‘at this moment’.
  • 괜찮아요 — “gwaenchanayo” (That’s okay) — Most Koreans are cheerful and also compassionate people, in other words, you most probably hear this Korean word whenever there’s an unexpected scenario in a Korean drama.
  • 잘 자요 — “jal jayo” (Goodnight) — Although some the Korean used the English term ‘goodnight’, most of the songs that we hear from our favorite k pop groups used jal jayo. See? Through listening to their songs, we can learn basic Korean phrases, and understand some of the common Korean words in just a moment.
  • 잠깐만요! — “jamkkannmanyo!” (Just a moment! / Wait!) — This is an expression from the most common Korean words is generally used in everyday life in an informal manner, most especially when you are talking with your close friends or relatives.
  • 다 같이 — “da gachi” (All together) — You probably heard it right? This Korean word is usually heard when you watch a concert from your favorite k pop group in initiating the fans to sing along with them.
  • 이게 뭐예요 — “ige mwoyeyo” (What is this?) — This is also an expression from the most common Korean words, and it is also mainly used in everyday life in an informal manner, most especially when you are talking with your close friends or relatives.
  • 좋아요 — “joayo” (Good) — This is also one of the most common Korean words that are being used nowadays. You can hear this through different Korean vloggers who want different viewers to subscribe and like ‘joayo’ their vlogs.

Learn these cultural terms and you will be one step ahead!

About The Korean Language

Now that you’ve learned a few important words in Korean, there’s still a long way to go. If you are new to the language and are interested in learning even more details about this fantastic language, read this helpful information and take note!

Korean is spoken in North and South Korea, China (mainly provinces bordering North Korea), Japan, and Russia.

Korean is also spoken in other large communities around the world such as the US (most from New York), Singapore, Thai, Guam, and Paraguay. The number of Korean speakers continues to increase because there are some countries like the Philippines, where the Korean language is taught as an elective course.

Affiliation

The most known origin of the Korean language is the Altaic language family of central Asia, including Turkish, Mongolian, and the Tungusic languages of Siberia. Other linguists also argue that Korean belongs to the Austronesian language family.

Because of the long history between Chinese and Japanese, determining their linguistic affiliation is really complicated. Some also considered the Korean language as isolated. Whatever its origin may be, it gave birth to an amazing language called Korean.

Dialects

We all know that the whole country of Korea is divided into two – The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). The Ancient Korean language was divided into two dialects namely Puyo (spoken in Manchuria and North Korea) and Han (spoken in South Korea).

Modern Korean, which is based on the Han dialect, became dominant all over the Korean peninsula and is widely used nowadays. There are two standard varieties of Modern Korean. Both dialects are distinguished and regulated by the national language policy of the country. Most of these dialects are mutually intelligible.

  • Seoul Dialect – The standard dialect of South Korea. There are also regional dialects such as Kyonsang, Chungchong, Cholla, and Cheju Island.
  • P’yŏngyang Dialect – The standard dialect of North Korea. The regional dialect included are Hamkyong, Pyongan, and Hwanghae.

Start Learning Korean Now!

Learn Korean Language with Ling CTA

Learning basic words and phrases in the Korean Language will definitely help survive. You will hear a lot of phrases and words that you don’t even understand, and it will make it hard for you to have good communication with the locals. Of course, you won’t always have the opportunity to check your dictionaries or some free PDF files saved on your cellphone to compose what you want to say.

If you want to learn more Korean words, phrases, and sentences, Ling App will help you achieve your goals. Through the Ling app, you will be able to hear the pronunciation of each word. This will help you learn to speak the language accurately.

Ling App will provide fun and engaging lessons that will surely make your language learning experience exciting and meaningful. These lessons will help you learn how to speak and write in Korean.

Through Ling App, you don’t have to attend any class at a given schedule because you can learn with just your phone or computer during your free time. Learning a language will be a lot easier and more fun. What are you waiting for? Download Ling on the Play Store or App Store and start learning Korean now!

 

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