Are you interested in learning Spanish house vocabulary?
There are many rooms, parts of a house, and items you can find regardless of the size of the building. Today’s new vocabulary lesson will help you learn all these essential vocabulary to increase and improve your knowledge of Spanish common words and phrases and prepare you to have conversations with the locals.
But before diving into this long vocabulary list by category, you should learn the most important terms for this lesson, ‘house’ and ‘room’ in Spanish.
These Spanish terms are different from the English words you are familiar with; however, I will explain the meaning and origin and include some sentence examples so that you can remember them faster.
Note: Don't forget to listen to the sound to practice your listening and speaking skills.
The word for 'house' is 'casa' in its singular form. In the plural form, you must add an 'as' at the end' to form 'Casas.'
Now, this is where it gets a bit tricky. A room in Spanish is 'Cuarto' while many rooms are 'Cuartos.' But! There are other words that you may often listen to 'habitación' (singular) and 'Habitaciones' (plural).
Both terms mean 'room.' However, you need to know when to use each, as some house rooms may not fall under the description of one or the other.
For instance, a bedroom is a 'Cuarto' or 'Habitación," but a living room can't be called a 'Habitación.'
How would you know the differences? Easy! Use the term 'Cuarto' for any house room and 'habitación' only for the bedroom. This way, you will avoid confusion!
To clarify, 'Habitación' is a habitable room of a house enclosed by walls and a door mainly used to sleep. Example:
As you can see in the example above, I used the word 'Habitaciones' to talk about the bedrooms because it is the most appropriate way to refer to this kind of room. According to this sentence, the total number of rooms this house has is 10!
Note: there is another word to refer to the bedrooms, so keep reading to soak up more great house vocabulary in Spanish!
Now, let's see the origins and meanings.
The etymology of ‘Casa’
This term comes from the Latin word 'casa,' which at the time meant a palace to live and protect from the cold or heat, but it was more like a hut made of stakes and branches. In turn, this Latin term comes from a Hebrew word כסה (kisá), meaning weave and cover.
The etymology of ‘Cuartos’
This origin is pretty easy to remember. The word comes from the Latin' Quartus,' meaning 'fourth part' (Cuatro = Four). People started using the word because a typical living area was formerly divided into four parts, even until this day, so it makes sense to call it 'Cuatro.'
Now that you know the words for house and room in Spanish, you are all set to begin learning the parts of a home.
There are so many types of houses in the world. Although, they have things in common such as the bathroom, the bedroom, etc. Depending on the country and culture, you will see a variation in how these rooms are constructed or used.
Let’s cover the essentials of rooms and parts of a house:
|Ballroom||Salón de baile|
|Box Room||Cuarto de cajas|
|Drawing Room||Sala de dibujo|
|Guest Room||Habitación de huéspedes|
|Games Room||Sala de juegos|
|Music Room||Sala de música|
|Spare Room||Habitación de repuesto|
Stairs, windows, roof? How do you name those terms in Spanish? Learn it in the following table:
|BBQ area||zona de barbacoa/Area de barbeque/Zona de parrillada|
|Fire Escape||Salida de incendios/Salida de emergencia|
|Roof Tiles||Tejas (Plural)|
|The Hallway||El Pasillo|
|Walls||Las paredes (Plural)/La pared (Singular)|
In addition, you should be able to make sentences using the floors. For example, on which hotel floor are you going to stay while in Spain? Perhaps the staff tells you that your room number is 203, which means your room is on the second floor. What if they tell you only in Spanish?
If you are having trouble with the numbers, you can take a look at the lesson about numbers in Spanish!
The coziest place in your house is probably your bedroom! Do you agree? In my case, it is. It is the space where I can relax after a long day at work. A bedroom is a private space where a person can feel safe and comfortable. And sometimes we only think about our bedroom and lying on the bed to rest.
Depending on the culture and each person's preferences, a bedroom will have various items inside.
Are you interested in learning this vocabulary? Practice with this list, and then analyze the Spanish sentence examples below the table.
|Alarm clock||La alarma/El despertador|
|Air Conditioner||El aire acondicionado|
|Ceiling Fan||El ventilador de techo|
|Closet||El clóset/El armario|
|Coat hanger||La percha|
|Nightstand/Bed Stand||Mesita de noche/Mesita de noche|
|King-sized bed||Cama tamaño king|
|Pillowcase||Funda de almohada|
Many people's favorite part of the house is where Latina moms make their delicious and magical recipes. Haven't you tried Latin American cuisine? Please put it on your bucket list for your next travel because it is delicious across the whole continent!
I previously wrote an article about the kitchen utensils people use in Hispanic countries to make those exquisite dishes, so let's go with the essential items today.
|Cookware||Los utensilios de cocina|
|Cutting Board||La tabla de cortar|
|Frying Pan||El sartén|
|Gas Stove||La estufa de gas|
|Potato Peeler||El pelador de papas|
|Serving Bowl||Serving Bowl|
|The plug||El enchufe|
Most Hispanic houses will have a dining area to have breakfast or lunch in the kitchen and another place for lunch, dinner, and special events called 'Comedor.'
|The Dining Table||La mesa de comedor|
|The Lamp||La lámpara|
|The Cup||La taza|
|The Fork||El tenedor|
|The Knife||El cuchillo|
|The Dishes||El tenedor|
|The Tablecloth||El mantel|
|The Bottle||La botella|
|The Shelf||La estantería|
|The frame of the 'Last Supper Of Jesus'||El cuadro de la Última Cena de Jesús|
Some houses have only one bathroom. Others have one outside the bedrooms, and some used to have the bathrooms outside, such as the Colonial buildings. You can still find those houses today if you visit historical sites in Latin American countries.
So, what kinds of objects can you find inside a typical bathroom? Let's learn the Spanish words!
|Body Wash||El gel de baño|
|Clothes Peg||La pinza de ropa|
|Disinfectant Wipes||Las toallitas desinfectantes|
|Electric Razor||La afeitadora eléctrica|
|Hairdryer||El secador de pelo|
|Hand Dispenser||El dispensador de mano|
|Hairbrush||El cepillo para el pelo|
|Hairdryer||El secador de pelo|
|Laundry||La ropa sucia|
|Mouthwash||El enjuague bucal|
|Non-slip Mat||La alfombra antideslizante|
|Paper/Toilet Paper||El papel/El papel higiénico|
|Shaving Cream||La crema de afeitar|
|Tub and Tile Cleaner||El limpiador de bañeras y azulejos|
|Toothbrush||El cepillo de dientes|
|Toothpaste||La pasta de dientes|
|Towel Rack||El toallero|
|Trash Can||El bote de basura|
|Washing Machine||La lavadora|
The living room, known in Spanish as la 'Sala de estar,' or 'La sala' is where people receive those visiting. It can be a big room next to the kitchen or a smaller one, usually on the second floor, which is meant for a more casual and private gathering among family members to watch TV.
|Coffee Table||La mesa de centro|
|Rocking Chair||La mecedora|
|Sofa/Couch||El sofá cama|
|Side Table||La mesa auxiliar|
|TV Stand||El soporte para TV|
The place of the house where people work, study or do their school homework. It is generally a place where the books are located, a computer, and other materials for these activities. However, some houses merge this room with the game room and add a chess table or table games inside.
|Desktop/PC||La computadora de escritorio|
|Extension Cord||El cable de extensión|
|Grandfather Clock||El reloj de abuelo|
|Laptop||La computadora portátil|
|Outlet||El toma de corriente|
|Picture Frames||El marcos de fotos|
|Paper Clips||El clip|
|Small table||La mesita|
|Sticky Notes||Notas adhesivas|
With this house vocabulary in Spanish, you can name all rooms in a house, their parts, and some of the most common items you can find inside a typical home. With these words and sentence examples, you can begin practicing as much as possible until you can think in Spanish while seeing rooms or objects in your house.
It may be challenging to grasp all vocabulary in a single moment. But the secret about language learning isn't memorizing the words but consciously learning with relevant context and spaced repetition. This way, you will retain the information in your brain longer and avoid forgetting words when you need them the most, as might happen if you try to memorize them with no context.
For this reason, the best way for you to practice today's vocabulary is to engage in conversations with native Spanish speakers or start speaking in Spanish alone.
Don't stop practicing!
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